Understanding GERD Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic condition where stomach acid flows back into the esophagus, causing irritation and discomfort. Common symptoms include heartburn, regurgitation, and difficulty swallowing. Factors like obesity, pregnancy, and certain foods can exacerbate GERD. Long-term complications may include esophageal inflammation, ulcers, and even esophageal cancer. Treatment typically involves lifestyle modifications, medications to reduce acid production, and in severe cases, surgery. Managing GERD is essential to prevent complications and improve quality of life.