Myopia And Presbyopia Eye Drops: Causes and Risk Factors of Myopia and Presbyopia

Myopia, also known as near-sightedness, is a vision condition where the eyes focus images in front of the retina instead of directly on it. Some of the main risk factors for developing myopia include genetic predisposition, excess time spent doing close-up work like reading or using digital devices, and lack of time spent outdoors. Children who spend more time outdoors during daylight hours have a lower risk of developing myopia.
Presbyopia is the aging of the eyes that causes difficulty focusing on near objects or seeing clearly up close. It generally begins to affect people after the age of 40. As we age, the lens inside our eyes slowly becomes less flexible and the eye grows larger, making it difficult to focus on close objects. Other than aging, risk factors for presbyopia are similar to those for myopia – lifestyle factors like excess use of digital devices and lack of outdoor activity can accelerate the condition. Genetics also play a role in how quickly or severely presbyopia develops.